A hundred years of remembering the Great War

Ruth HartleyThe Tin Heart Gold Mine, War, Women's suffrage, Zambia9 Comments

The war to end all wars

Hand-crafted and crocheted poppies made by the Hilmarton community – every poppy represented 1000 deaths.

The notice says that the display of poppies is icreased every 2 weeks until there are 888 in total. Each poppy represents 1000 military deathsTomorrow people in Britain will wear red poppies and visit cenotaphs, war memorials, churches and gravesides to remember those they will call the fallen heroes. In Germany they will carry Forget-me-nots, in France they will wear cornflowers. I will think of that song asking where have the flowers, the girls, the young men, the soldiers gone – gone to graveyards every one – when will they ever learn? This song composed by Pete Seeger must have been sung for over half a century yet wars still continue. What no one will remember tomorrow is that the war was not over in East Africa on the 11th November 1918 and that  the Germans were not defeated in that arena. I’ll write more about that on the 24th November 2018.

Never, ever, but again and again

A painting in black and white of a poppy. Around the stem is a banner saying 100 years, 100 days

The first of Kate Slater’s black and white paintings.

While I was in England I visited Hilmarton Church and was moved by the way the community there are remembering the First World War in charming and sympathetic displays and crafts. There is a very gifted artist, Kate Slater, who has made 100 paintings to commemorate those from Wiltshire who served in WW1 and she will be working with local school children on the same theme. The paintings are lovely and evocative so please do take the time to look at her website. I always like to refer to a book when I write a post. All Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque is about the trench warfare endured by the Germans and the British and the tragic damage suffered by the soldiers. The Return of the Soldier by Rebecca West is also thought-provoking as is The Shooting Party by Isabel Colegate. All are excellent films.

But where is peace and an end to war?

The display of poppies starts from the cross on the altar and spills down onto the church floor increasing in numbers and width as it falls

The display of poppies

I thought hard about war and peace and I found that I had conflicting ideas about what was appropriate to say. I might have quoted one of the well-known war poets but so will many other people. There are pacifist quotes but it would be hypocritical of me to use them. I might generalise and say that women oppose war but British suffragists joined the war effort while British suffragettes used violence to fight for the vote. Experience in Southern Africa has taught me that sometimes freedom can only be won by going to war and that withholding freedom is a form of war against those in bondage. War is always terrible but it can’t always be avoided. Who knows, but if Britain and the USA had fought against Assad in 2013 perhaps there might have been fewer deaths and a shorter war?

Making peace last

Perhaps the real problem is that we only know how to make war and not how to make a peace that works. Here is one of Bertolt Brecht‘s War Poems.

On the white altar are vases of forget-me-nots and white poppies, a pair of knitted mittens and a scarf in army green

Forget-me-nots and white poppies symbolise the dead of other nations.. The knitted mittens, scarf and embroidered card symbolise the work of women left behind.

THOSE AT THE TOP SAY: PEACE
AND WAR
Are of different substance.
But their peace and their war
Are like wind and storm.

War grows from their peace
Like son from his mother
He bears
Her frightful features.

Their war kills
Whatever their peace
Has left over.

9 Comments on “A hundred years of remembering the Great War”

    1. Ruth Hartley

      It is your sensitive and thoughtful dedication and love for what you do that inspired this particular post Rachma! Thank you very much.

    1. Ruth Hartley

      War resulting from competition?! It seems obvious. I don’t know if it is taught or a genetic throwback to how people survived when resources were scarce. Then I find myself thinking that sophisticated societies survived by cooperation and social sharing so I don’t know. We are always selecting out heroes – or the ‘best people’ in their field. Thats daft – the best artist – the best author idea is mad. There are so many wonderful and brilliant creative people and plenty of those aren’t known about.

    2. Ruth Hartley

      Some schools try not to teach competitiveness but some parents object I understand.
      There are those who see it as an inherent human trait. Maybe its just part of our society?

  1. JP Driver-Jowitt

    Michael Higgins, the President of Ireland, listed – in his address on 11th November – those lands which had contributed to the First War “effort”.
    He specifically listed East and West Africa’s contribution, but made no mention of South or Central Africa.
    Southern Rhodesia volunteered 40% of its male population, including many Irish, the highest per capita in the world,. Why was it not mentioned?
    Emotion is a creeping fog.

    1. Ruth Hartley

      Hi Jon,
      I understand that it is quite difficult to find accurate information and facts about this period of history.
      It’s probably made more difficult by the fact that so much of African history is undergoing a necessary revision right now! Did you follow the link to Indy Neidal’s Great War? He tells me that he is having a problem getting information about General Smut’s role in it.

    1. Ruth Hartley

      I guess the white male population tended to be younger and fitter than other demographic groupings? Certainly many Africans were employed as porters in WW1.

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